Unit Tests

Cinderclient contains a suite of unit tests, in the cinderclient/tests/unit directory.

Any proposed code change will be automatically rejected by the OpenStack Jenkins server [1] if the change causes unit test failures.

Running the tests

There are a number of ways to run unit tests currently, and there’s a combination of frameworks used depending on what commands you use. The preferred method is to use tox, which calls ostestr via the tox.ini file. To run all tests simply run:


This will create a virtual environment, load all the packages from test-requirements.txt and run all unit tests as well as run flake8 and hacking checks against the code.

Note that you can inspect the tox.ini file to get more details on the available options and what the test run does by default.

Running a subset of tests using tox

One common activity is to just run a single test, you can do this with tox simply by specifying to just run py27 or py34 tests against a single test:

tox -epy27 -- -n cinderclient.tests.unit.v2.test_volumes.VolumesTest.test_attach

Or all tests in the file:

tox -epy27 -- -n cinderclient.tests.unit.v2.test_volumes

For more information on these options and how to run tests, please see the ostestr documentation.

Run tests wrapper script

In addition you can also use the wrapper script by simply executing:


This script is a wrapper around the testr testrunner and the flake8 checker. Note that there has been talk around deprecating this wrapper and this method of testing, it’s currently available still but it may be good to get used to using tox or even ostestr directly.

Documenation is left in place for those that still use it.


The script supports several flags. You can view a list of flags by doing: -h
This will show the following help information::

Usage: ./ [OPTION]… Run cinderclient’s test suite(s)

-V, --virtual-env
 Always use virtualenv. Install automatically if not present
-N, --no-virtual-env
 Don’t use virtualenv. Run tests in local environment
-s, --no-site-packages
 Isolate the virtualenv from the global Python environment
-r, --recreate-db
 Recreate the test database (deprecated, as this is now the default).
-n, --no-recreate-db
 Don’t recreate the test database.
-f, --force Force a clean re-build of the virtual environment. Useful when dependencies have been added.
-u, --update Update the virtual environment with any newer package versions
-p, --pep8 Just run PEP8 and HACKING compliance check
-P, --no-pep8 Don’t run static code checks
-c, --coverage Generate coverage report
-d, --debug Run tests with testtools instead of testr. This allows you to use the debugger.
-h, --help Print this usage message
--hide-elapsed Don’t print the elapsed time for each test along with slow test list
--virtual-env-path <path>
 Location of the virtualenv directory Default: $(pwd)
--virtual-env-name <name>
 Name of the virtualenv directory Default: .venv
--tools-path <dir>
 Location of the tools directory Default: $(pwd)
Note: with no options specified, the script will try to run the tests in a virtual environment,
If no virtualenv is found, the script will ask if you would like to create one. If you prefer to run tests NOT in a virtual environment, simply pass the -N option.

Because is a wrapper around testr, it also accepts the same flags as testr. See the documentation for details about these additional flags: ostestr documentation.

Suppressing logging output when tests fail

By default, when one or more unit test fails, all of the data sent to the logger during the failed tests will appear on standard output, which typically consists of many lines of texts. The logging output can make it difficult to identify which specific tests have failed, unless your terminal has a large scrollback buffer or you have redirected output to a file.

You can suppress the logging output by calling with the nose flag:



By default, the tests use the Python packages installed inside a virtualenv [2]. (This is equivalent to using the -V, --virtualenv flag). If the virtualenv does not exist, it will be created the first time the tests are run.

If you wish to recreate the virtualenv, call with the flag:

-f, --force

Recreating the virtualenv is useful if the package dependencies have changed since the virtualenv was last created. If the requirements.txt or tools/ files have changed, it’s a good idea to recreate the virtualenv.

By default, the unit tests will see both the packages in the virtualenv and the packages that have been installed in the Python global environment. In some cases, the packages in the Python global environment may cause a conflict with the packages in the virtualenv. If this occurs, you can isolate the virtualenv from the global environment by using the flag:

-s, --no-site packages

If you do not wish to use a virtualenv at all, use the flag:

-N, --no-virtual-env


Running Tests from Shared Folders

If you are running the unit tests from a shared folder, you may see tests start to fail or stop completely as a result of Python lockfile issues. You can get around this by manually setting or updating the following line in cinder/tests/


Note that you may use any location (not just /tmp!) as long as it is not a shared folder.


[1]See jenkins.
[2]See development.environment for more details about the use of virtualenv.
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