Kuryr Kubernetes Services Integration Design


The purpose of this document is to present how Kubernetes Service is supported by the kuryr integration and to capture the design decisions currently taken by the kuryr team.


A Kubernetes Service is an abstraction which defines a logical set of Pods and a policy by which to access them. Service is a Kubernetes managed API object. For Kubernetes-native applications, Kubernetes offers an Endpoints API that is updated whenever the set of Pods in a Service changes. For detailed information please refer to Kubernetes service Kubernetes supports services with kube-proxy component that runs on each node, Kube-Proxy.

Proposed Solution

Kubernetes service in its essence is a Load Balancer across Pods that fit the service selection. Kuryr’s choice is to support Kubernetes services by using Neutron LBaaS service. The initial implementation is based on the OpenStack LBaaSv2 API, so compatible with any LBaaSv2 API provider. In order to be compatible with Kubernetes networking, Kuryr-Kubernetes makes sure that services Load Balancers have access to Pods Neutron ports. This may be affected once K8s Network Policies will be supported. Oslo versioned objects are used to keep translation details in K8s entities annotation. This will allow future changes to be backward compatible.

Data Model Translation

Kubernetes service is mapped to the LBaaSv2 Load Balancer with associated Listeners and Pools. Service endpoints are mapped to Load Balancer Pool members.

Kuryr Controller Impact

Two Kubernetes Event Handlers are added to the Controller pipeline.

  • LBaaSSpecHandler manages Kubernetes Service creation and modification events. Based on the service spec and metadata details, it annotates the service endpoints entity with details to be used for translation to LBaaSv2 model, such as tenant-id, subnet-id, ip address and security groups. The rationale for setting annotation both on Service and Endpoints resources is to avoid concurrency issues, by delegating all Service translation operations to Endpoints (LoadBalancer) handler. To avoid conflicting annotations, K8s Services’s resourceVersion is used for Service and Endpoints while handling Services events.
  • LoadBalancerHandler manages Kubernetes endpoints events. It manages LoadBalancer, LoadBalancerListener, LoadBalancerPool and LoadBalancerPool members to reflect and keep in sync with the K8s service. It keeps details of Neutron resources by annotating the Kubernetes Endpoints object.

Both Handlers use Project, Subnet and SecurityGroup service drivers to get details for service mapping. LBaaS Driver is added to manage service translation to the LBaaSv2-like API. It abstracts all the details of service translation to Load Balancer. LBaaSv2Driver supports this interface by mapping to neutron LBaaSv2 constructs.