Source code for ceilometer.utils

# Copyright 2010 United States Government as represented by the
# Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
# Copyright 2011 Justin Santa Barbara

# All Rights Reserved.
#    Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may
#    not use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain
#    a copy of the License at
#    Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
#    distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT
#    WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the
#    License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations
#    under the License.

"""Utilities and helper functions."""

import bisect
import calendar
import copy
import datetime
import decimal
import hashlib
import struct
import threading
import time

from concurrent import futures
from futurist import periodics
from oslo_concurrency import processutils
from oslo_config import cfg
from oslo_utils import timeutils
from oslo_utils import units
import six

OPTS = [
               help='Path to the rootwrap configuration file to'
                    'use for running commands as root'),

EPOCH_TIME = datetime.datetime(1970, 1, 1)

def _get_root_helper():
    return 'sudo ceilometer-rootwrap %s' % CONF.rootwrap_config

def execute(*cmd, **kwargs):
    """Convenience wrapper around oslo's execute() method."""
    if 'run_as_root' in kwargs and 'root_helper' not in kwargs:
        kwargs['root_helper'] = _get_root_helper()
    return processutils.execute(*cmd, **kwargs)

def decode_unicode(input):
    """Decode the unicode of the message, and encode it into utf-8."""
    if isinstance(input, dict):
        temp = {}
        # If the input data is a dict, create an equivalent dict with a
        # predictable insertion order to avoid inconsistencies in the
        # message signature computation for equivalent payloads modulo
        # ordering
        for key, value in sorted(six.iteritems(input)):
            temp[decode_unicode(key)] = decode_unicode(value)
        return temp
    elif isinstance(input, (tuple, list)):
        # When doing a pair of JSON encode/decode operations to the tuple,
        # the tuple would become list. So we have to generate the value as
        # list here.
        return [decode_unicode(element) for element in input]
    elif isinstance(input, six.text_type):
        return input.encode('utf-8')
    elif six.PY3 and isinstance(input, six.binary_type):
        return input.decode('utf-8')
        return input

def recursive_keypairs(d, separator=':'):
    """Generator that produces sequence of keypairs for nested dictionaries."""
    for name, value in sorted(six.iteritems(d)):
        if isinstance(value, dict):
            for subname, subvalue in recursive_keypairs(value, separator):
                yield ('%s%s%s' % (name, separator, subname), subvalue)
        elif isinstance(value, (tuple, list)):
            yield name, decode_unicode(value)
            yield name, value

def restore_nesting(d, separator=':'):
    """Unwinds a flattened dict to restore nesting."""
    d = copy.copy(d) if any([separator in k for k in d.keys()]) else d
    for k, v in d.copy().items():
        if separator in k:
            top, rem = k.split(separator, 1)
            nest = d[top] if isinstance(d.get(top), dict) else {}
            nest[rem] = v
            d[top] = restore_nesting(nest, separator)
            del d[k]
    return d

def dt_to_decimal(utc):
    """Datetime to Decimal.

    Some databases don't store microseconds in datetime
    so we always store as Decimal unixtime.
    if utc is None:
        return None

    decimal.getcontext().prec = 30
    return (decimal.Decimal(str(calendar.timegm(utc.utctimetuple()))) +
            (decimal.Decimal(str(utc.microsecond)) /

def decimal_to_dt(dec):
    """Return a datetime from Decimal unixtime format."""
    if dec is None:
        return None

    integer = int(dec)
    micro = (dec - decimal.Decimal(integer)) * decimal.Decimal(units.M)
    daittyme = datetime.datetime.utcfromtimestamp(integer)
    return daittyme.replace(microsecond=int(round(micro)))

def sanitize_timestamp(timestamp):
    """Return a naive utc datetime object."""
    if not timestamp:
        return timestamp
    if not isinstance(timestamp, datetime.datetime):
        timestamp = timeutils.parse_isotime(timestamp)
    return timeutils.normalize_time(timestamp)

def stringify_timestamps(data):
    """Stringify any datetime in given dict."""
    isa_timestamp = lambda v: isinstance(v, datetime.datetime)
    return dict((k, v.isoformat() if isa_timestamp(v) else v)
                for (k, v) in six.iteritems(data))

def dict_to_keyval(value, key_base=None):
    """Expand a given dict to its corresponding key-value pairs.

    Generated keys are fully qualified, delimited using dot notation.
    ie. key = 'key.child_key.grandchild_key[0]'
    val_iter, key_func = None, None
    if isinstance(value, dict):
        val_iter = six.iteritems(value)
        key_func = lambda k: key_base + '.' + k if key_base else k
    elif isinstance(value, (tuple, list)):
        val_iter = enumerate(value)
        key_func = lambda k: key_base + '[%d]' % k

    if val_iter:
        for k, v in val_iter:
            key_gen = key_func(k)
            if isinstance(v, dict) or isinstance(v, (tuple, list)):
                for key_gen, v in dict_to_keyval(v, key_gen):
                    yield key_gen, v
                yield key_gen, v

def lowercase_keys(mapping):
    """Converts the values of the keys in mapping to lowercase."""
    items = mapping.items()
    for key, value in items:
        del mapping[key]
        mapping[key.lower()] = value

def lowercase_values(mapping):
    """Converts the values in the mapping dict to lowercase."""
    items = mapping.items()
    for key, value in items:
        mapping[key] = value.lower()

def update_nested(original_dict, updates):
    """Updates the leaf nodes in a nest dict.

     Updates occur without replacing entire sub-dicts.
    dict_to_update = copy.deepcopy(original_dict)
    for key, value in six.iteritems(updates):
        if isinstance(value, dict):
            sub_dict = update_nested(dict_to_update.get(key, {}), value)
            dict_to_update[key] = sub_dict
            dict_to_update[key] = updates[key]
    return dict_to_update

def uniq(dupes, attrs):
    """Exclude elements of dupes with a duplicated set of attribute values."""
    key = lambda d: '/'.join([getattr(d, a) or '' for a in attrs])
    keys = []
    deduped = []
    for d in dupes:
        if key(d) not in keys:
    return deduped

def hash_of_set(s):
    return str(hash(frozenset(s)))

[docs]class HashRing(object): def __init__(self, nodes, replicas=100): self._ring = dict() self._sorted_keys = [] for node in nodes: for r in six.moves.range(replicas): hashed_key = self._hash('%s-%s' % (node, r)) self._ring[hashed_key] = node self._sorted_keys.append(hashed_key) self._sorted_keys.sort() @staticmethod def _hash(key): return struct.unpack_from('>I', hashlib.md5(decode_unicode(six .text_type(key))).digest())[0] def _get_position_on_ring(self, key): hashed_key = self._hash(key) position = bisect.bisect(self._sorted_keys, hashed_key) return position if position < len(self._sorted_keys) else 0
[docs] def get_node(self, key): if not self._ring: return None pos = self._get_position_on_ring(key) return self._ring[self._sorted_keys[pos]]
def kill_listeners(listeners): # NOTE(gordc): correct usage of oslo.messaging listener is to stop(), # which stops new messages, and wait(), which processes remaining # messages and closes connection for listener in listeners: listener.stop() listener.wait() def delayed(delay, target, *args, **kwargs): time.sleep(delay) return target(*args, **kwargs) def spawn_thread(target, *args, **kwargs): t = threading.Thread(target=target, args=args, kwargs=kwargs) t.daemon = True t.start() return t def create_periodic(target, spacing, run_immediately=True, *args, **kwargs): p = periodics.PeriodicWorker.create( [], executor_factory=lambda: futures.ThreadPoolExecutor(max_workers=1)) p.add(periodics.periodic( spacing=spacing, run_immediately=run_immediately)( lambda: target(*args, **kwargs))) return p

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